Speaker of the National Assembly, Ms Baleka Mbete,
Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces, Ms Thandi Modise,
His Excellency, the President of the Republic of South Africa, Mr Cyril Ramaphosa
Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly, and Deputy Chairperson of the NCOP,
Ministers and Deputy Ministers,
Premiers and Speakers of Provincial Legislatures,
Chairperson of SALGA, and all Executive Mayors present,
The Heads of Chapter 9 Institutions,
Chairperson of the National House of Traditional Leaders,
Members of the Diplomatic Corps,
Honourable Members from the National Assembly and the NCOP,
Invited Guests and, Fellow South Africans,
It is my great honour support the State of the Nation Address, read by our newest President of the Republic of South Africa, Comrade Cyril Ramaphosa, last Friday. The theme of the 2018 SONA was “Making your future work better – Learning from Madiba”.
Madam Speaker, Madam Chairperson, His Excellency the President, and Honourable Members, I wish to reflect on the following issues, which arise from the SONA namely, the roles of basic education as well as science and technology sectors in equipping learners for the world of work, positions in areas of scarce skills; and the Fourth Industrial Revolution; and fee-free higher education and training for the poor students; and subsidised higher education and training for South African students from working class families and the middle strata.
CENTENARY CELEBRATION OF PRESIDENT NELSON ROLIHLAHLA MANDELA AND MAMA ALBERTINA NONTSIKELELO SISULU
Honourable Members, allow me to digress a bit from the three focus areas I have just Identified. During the State of the Nation Address last Friday, His Excellency the President announced that within 150 days, South Africa, the African Continent and the world at large, will celebrate the centenarian – Isithwalandwe, Seaparankoe, President Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela – uMadiba umde ngentonga. President Ramaphosa also announced that we would also be celebrating the centenary anniversary of another giant of our struggle – umama Albertina Nontsikelelo Sisulu.
I wish to report that as the Department of Basic Education, we have already begun to celebrate these centenarians. When we released the 2017 National Senior Certificate examinations results, we branded that event around our Father of the South African democratic nation, utata uMadiba. Only last Saturday, we hosted the 18th National Teaching Awards, at which my Cabinet colleague, the Honourable Minister in the Presidency, responsible for Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation, Comrade Jeff Radebe, read the President’s Speech.
Who can forget what the former President of the United States of America, President Barack Obama said, when he eulogised Madiba at Madiba’s memorial service, that President Mandela was, “a giant of history, who moved a nation toward justice, and in the process, moved billions around the world.” President Obama summed up Madiba’s contribution to humanity when he declared that he was, “the last great liberator of the 20th century”. Madiba was indeed a brave, kind-spirited, courageous, and magnanimous leader and father. He knew that public power was held in trust for the benefit of the people, not for personal gain. All in all, Madiba was an exemplar of probity, benevolence, selflessness and courage in the true sense. These are the core values that must underlie the renewal of our nation.
Who can forget the powerful words of our Statesman, President Madiba, when he said, “Education is the most powerful weapon we can use to change the world”. How true Mr President, if we are to revatalise and renew, education as one of the most important weapons so that all of us, as a nation, we must agree that basic education is at the heart of building such a South African nation. In this regard, basic education is pivotal in the reconstruction of a cohesive society.
Madam Speaker, Madam Chairperson, His Excellency the President, and Honourable Members, I must also report that we co-branded the 18th National Teaching Awards in recognition of umama Albertina Nontsikelelo Sisulu as well. We also want to acknowledge umama Sisulu’s principled, selfless and courageous life, her great work and sacrifices, and her impeccable leadership. Umama Sisulu was a woman and a mother, whose strength and steadfastness, through her lifetime of political struggle, cannot be forgotten.
Consistent with her long struggle, constant and indomitable, umama Sisulu expressed her personal happiness at the release of her husband from incarceration on 15 October 1989. However, her excitement was not complete, as our political leaders, like Madiba, were still incarcerated; and some, including the long-serving President of the ANC, Comrade Oliver Tambo, were still in exile. It was on the occasion of the release of tata Walter Sisulu and others, that umama Sisulu boldly declared that –
“Her husband’s freedom would not minimise the spirit and actions of defiance among our people … until we bring the government to a genuine negotiated settlement … for a full democratic, participatory non-racial South Africa for all”.
We therefore, support the President’s call that, as a South African nation, we must continue to draw lessons and inspiration from the lives of President Mandela and umama Sisulu, as we confront the challenges of the present and the future. We shall continue to brand all the events organised by, and those coordinated with the Department of Basic Education to celebrate the lives, lessons and ethical leadership of President Mandela and umama Sisulu in our quest to unite, rebuild and renew our country. We must agree as a nation, that basic education is at the heart of building such a South African nation. In this regard, basic education is pivotal in the reconstruction of a cohesive society.
THE ROLE OF BASIC EDUCATION IN EQUIPPING LEARNERS FOR THE WORLD OF WORK, AND FOR POSITIONS IN AREAS OF SCARCE SKILLS
Madam Speaker, Madam Chairperson, His Excellency the President, and Honourable Members, the SONA is saturated with the urgent need to deal with youth unemployment. Hence, I chose to reflect on the role of basic education in Government’s quest to equip learners for the world of work, and for positions in areas of scarce skills. Let me first remind this august Joint Sitting that in the basic education as well as in the science and technology sectors, enormous work has been done on the role of these sectors to equip young people for the world of work, for positions of scarce skills, and the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
Some of the targets set out for 2030 by UNESCO, in its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – particularly SDG 4, compels nations of the world to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education, and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all, including substantially increasing the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship; eliminating gender disparities in education; and ensuring equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities and children in vulnerable situations.
Our own National Development Plan, in its vision 2030, enjoins us, among others, to ensure that the different parts of the education system, should work together, allowing learners to take different pathways that offer high quality learning opportunities. One of the main targets set, is that the Department of Higher Education and Training should produce 30 000 graduates in Artisanship annually by 2030.
The Department of Basic Education (DBE) sees itself as having a significant contribution in the pursuit of the visions set out in SDG4 and the NDP. It is in light of this role that the Department of Basic Education has introduced the Three Stream Curriculum Model, to provide learners with opportunities to choose career pathways that are in keeping with their individual interests, aptitudes and abilities.
The Three-Stream Curriculum Model
Madam Speaker and Madam Chairperson considering the emergence of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the skills needed by young people for the labour market, and the skills required for a changing world, our comprehensive response was the introduction of the Three Stream Curriculum Model. Over a number of years, our curriculum offerings, focused on the “academic stream”. By introducing the Three Stream Curriculum Model, we were also responding to the injunction of the NDP that by 2030, we have to produce 450 000 learners with a Bachelor-level passes, particularly with mathematics and science.
The new model features three streams of education, namely, academic, vocational and occupational streams, which are explained as the academic pathway is a largely theoretical programme, which mainly prepares learners for higher education studies at the end of year 12 of schooling; the vocational pathway is a programme made up of subjects, with at least a 50% practical component, mainly for artisanship and professions; and the occupational pathway is a programme made up of subjects consisting of at least a 75% practical component, and mainly prepares learners for the world of work.
Under the new vocational stream, there is a target of producing 30 000 learners with artisans skills by 2030 – an area in which the country is currently struggling. The Department of Basic Education has also introduced technical mathematics and technical science. These are relevant in supporting areas of specialisation. Mr President, during the Budget Vote Speech on Basic Education, we will provide more information on this ongoing process. I consciously call this “ongoing”, because I do not want to create an impression that we are introducing new programmes, as a response to your call for the renewal of the nation.
Through the Three Stream Curriculum Model –
- in the Senior Phase (Grades 7 to 9), learners are offered the academic subjects, as well as technical-vocational subjects. At the end of Grade 9, there will be a General Certificate Education (GCE) qualification on successfully passing this Grade; and allowing for specialisation in technical-vocational programmes. This will also serve as an exit point for those learners who wish to pursue further studies at post-school institutions, such as TVET Colleges; and
- from Grade 10, learners will be able to either choose the academic pathway, leading to a National Senior Certificate, and articulates mainly to tertiary education; or the vocational pathway, offered in technical high schools leading to an National Senior Certificate, and articulates mainly to apprenticeship to become an artisan; or the occupational pathway, offered by vocational high schools, leading to an NCV 1, 2 or 3 qualification, and articulates mainly to the world of work and learnerships.
It is important to note that the schools that offer a purely academic curriculum and wish to offer NCV curriculum programmes, may apply to their respective provincial education departments for permission to do so.
Madam Speaker, Madam Chairperson, His Excellency the President and Honourable Members, the Three Stream Curriculum Model is about radical change to the education and training landscape in our country, which inter alia, strengthens the focus of Focus Schools, such as Aviation; and schools specialising in Information Technology and Technology. One of the major implications brought about by this fundamental change to the education and training system, is that the TVET colleges may now operate at NQF Levels 5 and 6, which are offered at the post-schooling phase. This will reduce the pressure on universities, and can provide an accredited exit qualification from TVET colleges.
Other implications for the introduction of the Three Stream Curriculum Model for the basic education sector
In fact, our basic education system will equip learners with unprecedented skill-sets, competencies, and personality traits, emphasising soft skills, providing a transition between the school and the world of work, creating technology-enabled platforms, and new forms of collaboration to keep pace with innovations and a combination of technologies.
Partnerships for Technical and Vocational Education and Training
Madam Speaker, Madam Chairperson, His Excellency the President and Honourable Members, we are progressively forging partnerships with Quality Councils, corporates, and industries to strengthen and support the implementation of Technical and Vocational education and training on an ongoing basis. We are encouraged by the partnerships we have already forged at national level; and we are encouraging provincial education departments to do likewise, and forge similar partnerships up to the school level.
For instance, the Department of Basic Education, the MerSETA, and the nine provincial education departments have signed a Memorandum of Understanding, focussing on scarce skills development in ten technical schools promoting artisanship. There are two schools in the Northern Cape, and one from each of the remaining provinces, with 210 learners.
Going forward, DBE is working on extending the partnerships to include the strengthening of the apprenticeship programme through contributions from business and industry, to also include workplace learning experiences; or to create simulations of the workplace. This extension of the partnerships should also address the proposed professionalisation of artisans and technicians, who are currently employed in schools offering the technical and vocational education and training programmes. Cooperating with the teacher training institutions, we are working on improving their pedagogy and classroom practices, because these are skilled technical people, who are not trained to be classroom teachers.
Fourth Industrial Revolution
The Fourth Industrial Revolution is that in which disruptive digital technologies and trends are changing the way we live and work, whilst they bring with them a lot of anxiety but lots of excitement too. Globally, countries are being challenged to respond to the opportunities and risks presented by the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Advanced Technologies, such as automation, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, nanotechnology, 3D printing, and autonomous vehicles will demand non-routine, interpersonal skills and analytical skills, social skills, such as persuasion, emotional and social intelligence and will demand creativity, agility, adaptability. Furthermore, creative and critical thinking, communication, media literacy, and ethics, will be demanded.
Emerging unprecedented skill-sets, which will be met through meta-learning, creative problem solving, collaboration, learning to apply knowledge in new and different ways have to be provided to our learners. The literature on the Fourth Industrial Revolution talks of not just the three Rs – reading, writing and arithmetic – but the four Cs, namely, collaboration, communication, critical thinking, and creativity.
The key feature of the Fourth Industrial Revolution is what is called “creative destruction”, in which old ways of doing things are destroyed and replaced by more modern, efficient, and usually digitised solutions. This creative destruction, brought about by the Fourth Industrial Revolution, calls for the urgency to modernise our education and training sector – from basic education to higher education and training.
At the basic education level, the modernisation of the classroom has become a phenomenon of the global society. Teaching approaches are beginning to change in all countries, especially leading countries in education, such as Finland and Singapore. South Africa cannot be left out. The progress we are seeing in Gauteng and the Western Cape, vis-à-vis the modernisation of the classroom, with the Eastern Cape and Free State following suit, is encouraging to say the least. The alignment of content and teaching methodology to real life situations in the context of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, are therefore imperative.
On the science and technology in education front, Government has already finalised detailed plans with key stakeholders, using the Operation Phakisa methodology, to enable the successful use of ICTs in education. This includes the provision of core connectivity to schools, the development of learner materials, the more effective use of ICTs in the administration and evidence-based improvement of the education system, and the preparation of teachers for an education system more strongly underpinned by ICTs.
With respect to technological capability, Government has been investing in building core capability in areas crucial for the Fourth Industrial Revolution. We have managed to develop significant capabilities in areas ranging from data science, storage and processing, to additive manufacturing, nanotechnology and robotics; and we are starting to build capability in areas, such as block-chain technology. In all of these areas, South Africa benefits from mutually beneficial and active partnerships with researchers and technologists from other parts of the world.
We have attracted substantial investments from multinational companies for research and development in areas key to the Fourth Industrial Revolution. We are currently investigating ways of consolidating and strengthening current public investments to allow South Africa to use these capabilities in industry, and to support the improvement of Government functions and services, especially in education, health and urban development.
Skills for a changing world
The basic education sector is positioning itself to address the argument that by 2030, over 800 million young people across the globe, will not have basic skills needed to keep up in knowledge-based technology-driven economy. The basic education sector also noted that by 2030, 2 billion (half of all current jobs) will disappear due to automation. The skills, amongst others, of the changing world will focus more on information management skills; communication; problem solving; critical thinking; creativity; innovation; autonomy; collaboration and teamwork; media literacy; ICT literacy; flexibility and adaptability; initiative & self-direction; social and cross-cultural; productivity and accountability; leadership and responsibility; as well as lifelong learning.
The Department is therefore preparing learners for the Fourth Industrial Revolution through a three-pronged approach, which consists of the revisions to school curriculum design, including Computer Application Technology, Information Technology, and the Three-Stream Curriculum Model; the provision of ICT resources to schools, including connectivity and devices through Operation Phakisa; and the integration of technology in teaching and learning (e-Learning) through Operation Phakisa.
Since the launch of Operation Phakisa, we have made some great strides, including much better collaboration and harmonisation, horizontally and vertically, through the basic education sector, and across government. The details on sector alignment and collaboration with strategic partners; the digitisation of textbooks and workbooks; the provisioning of ICT devices; teacher and professional development using ICTs; the progress made in the drafting of an ICT strategy to ensure cross-sectoral alignment, can all be found from the Department of Basic Education.
Critical for us, is the integration of ICTs into all the levels of the education and training system in order to improve the quality of teaching and learning, by digitally transforming the basic education sector. All stakeholders are aligning and delivering a consistent solution to all schools, to ensure that no school is left behind, because of its geopolitical location. We want a learner in Lusikisiki to have the same access to ICTs as a learner in Johannesburg. For without this, such learners would be unable to cope with the demands of the 21st century and Fourth industrial Revolution.
We therefore agree with President Ramaphosa when he opined that our prosperity as a nation is dependent on our ability to take full advantage of the rapid technological change. The envisaged Digital Industrial Revolution Commission will accelerate our quest to implement Operation Phakisa.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION
Madam Speaker, Madam Chairperson and Honourable Members, His Excellency the President identified an urgent need to develop our capabilities in the areas of science, technology, and innovation. We have, and will continue to do this by focusing, among others, the following areas –
Building scientific literacy
The NDP demands a much higher scientific literacy in South Africa than is currently the case. The Department of Science and Technology (DST) supports the Annual Science Festival in Grahamstown, Eastern Cape; the annual National Science Week, which has activities in all nine provinces; and several Science and Mathematics Olympiads. In addition, the Department of Science and Technology supports over 30 community-based science centres that promote knowledge of science in around the country. Many of these centres, are supported jointly by the Departments of Science and Technology, as well as Basic Education. Through its efforts, annually the Department of Science and Technology provides more than 2 million people, including young people, an opportunity to learn about science and technology.
Innovation for health and job creation
In our drive to provide a long and healthy life for all South Africans through science, technology and innovation, the Department of Science and Technology, through the Biovac Institute – a public-private partnership, has demonstrated how South Africa can be a hub of medical biotechnology. Biovac has world-class facilities, and a sophisticated biotechnology skills base; and over the past five years, has attracted foreign direct investment from leading vaccine companies, such as Sanofi and Pfizer, as well as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
We are also making an effort to build medicinal drug manufacturing capabilities locally. Currently, about R15 billion in Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (IPAs) for medicines, are imported into South Africa each year. Through the Technology Innovation Agency, the APIs are being demonstrated at a pilot plant in Pretoria – a step towards full-scale commercialisation. This will improve our country's balance of payments, reduce the cost of medicine, improve supply security, and create jobs. Strategic relationships have been developed with the CSIR and several South African universities, so that their capabilities in the design of new and competitive synthesis technologies for APIs can be harnessed.
Supporting socio-economic development
The science and technology system, continues to support the social and economic development objectives of government. Through initiatives, such the Technology Stations Programme, the Technology Localisation Programme, the establishment of industrial development platforms, and partnerships with the private sector, we are supporting the development of small and medium enterprises, as well as enhancing the competitiveness of sectors of the economy that contribute to growth and jobs. Similar successes are evident with respect to social development, with science and technology creating new generation water and sanitation systems, supporting health care, providing renewable energy technologies, and alternative building technologies, As well as technologies and systems that support efforts by Government to enhance its planning and monitoring functions.
FEE-FREE HIGHER EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR STUDENTS FROM POOR AND WORKING CLASS FAMILIES AND MIDDLE STRATA SOUTH AFRICAN HOUSEHOLDS
Madam Speaker, Madam Chairperson, and Honourable Members, President Ramaphosa reported to this Joint Sitting last Friday, that “on 16 December last year, former President Jacob Zuma announced that Government would be phasing in fully subsidised free higher education and training for poor and working class South Africans over a five-year period”. He continued to say “starting this year, free higher education and training will be available to first year students from households with a gross combined annual income of up to R350,000”.
President Ramaphosa further said that “the Minister of Higher Education and Training will lead the implementation of this policy. In addition to promoting social justice, an investment of this scale in higher education, is expected to contribute to greater economic growth, reduce poverty, reduce inequality, enhance earnings and increase the competitiveness of our economy”.
I wish to remind this august Joint Sitting and the country at large, that the Freedom Charter promised that “Education shall be free, compulsory, universal and equal for all children; Higher education and technical training shall be opened to all by means of state allowances and scholarships awarded on the basis of merit.” Government has been working consistently to grow the universities, as well as the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) colleges to open up spaces for young people to study, so that we can fulfil the promise of the Freedom Charter.
While, much has been done over the past twenty-three years of our democratic dispensation, to increase funding for poor students through the National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS), and to a lesser extent the Funza Lushaka bursaries, to access these opportunities, and funding has been consistently growing to support poor students. However, the overall funding has always fallen short of demand; resulting in not all poor and working class students, having been able to access funding support, even when they would merit spaces within the university or TVET system.
The ANC-led Government has ensured the nation that education will remain its apex priority. I am proud to say that Government has done very well to extend access to higher education and training to poor and working class students. This year, Government will accelerate the implementation of a new financial support model, to support academically capable poor and working class students to access higher education and training. Government is fulfilling this commitment by introducing fee-free higher education and training in the form of bursaries to young people from poor and working class South African households, with a gross combined annual income of up to R350 000.
This will be implemented from this academic, through the provision of full bursaries for tuition and study materials to qualifying South African students at public TVET colleges and universities, as well as subsidised accommodation and subsistence or transport, capped at specific levels for those who qualify for assistance.
In the 2018 academic year, all registered TVET College students from South African households with gross annual income of R350 000 or less, will qualify and receive bursaries. In the case of university students, the new policy will be phased over a period of five years, starting with first time entering students in 2018. For returning existing NSFAS funded university students, in 2018 and going forward, their loans will be converted into full bursaries.
Government will ensure that the implementation of fee-free higher education and training for poor and working class students, is implemented in a phased approach to ensure sustainability of Government finances; while at the same time, ensuring improved access to higher education and training. I am convinced that the Minister of Finance, through the Government budgeting process, will be able to clarify all aspects of the financing of the scheme during the Budget Vote on 21 February 2018.
We wish to encourage our students at universities and TVET colleges to take advantage of this new funding scheme, and apply themselves in studies. As a nation, we must reap good fruit (alla former Minister of Finance, Comrade Trevor Manuel) from the enormous investment in higher education and training, which will without doubt have positive spinoffs for our country. This investment gives true meaning to the popular words uttered by President Mandela, when he said –
“education is the great engine of personal development. It is through education that the daughter of a peasant, can become a doctor; that the son of a mine worker, can become the head of the mine; that a child of farm workers, can become the president of a great nation. It is what we make out of what we have, not what we are given, that separates one person from another”.
The Department of Higher Education and Training will convene a Summit, at which the private and public sectors, and all relevant stakeholders would be invited, to deliberate on matters pertinent to the new funding model, including the challenges relating to low graduation and high dropout rates at all universities and TVET colleges. We must all agree and support the implementation of free-fee higher education for poor and working class South African youth.
Madam Speaker, Madam Chairperson, His Excellency the President, and Honourable Members, let me conclude by emphasising the need to improve the quality of learning and teaching outcomes across our education system. This is an imperative, if we have to tackle the triple challenges of poverty, inequality and unemployment; and stimulate our economic growth and development; and help ourselves us to leapfrog towards a just, equitable, non-racial, non-sexist and prosperous South Africa that we are yearning for.
We must ensure that more learners reach the basic levels of literacy and numeracy in the Foundation Phase. This is an overriding determinant of how successful learners will be in their 12 years of their long walk to Matric; and largely determines whether learners will cope with schooling at all, or run the risk of dropping out and add to the huge numbers of young people not employed, not in education nor in training. We must make early grade learning and teaching a priority.
Before I conclude, I must reflect on education infrastructure delivery, both at the basic education as well as higher education and training levels. In the basic education sector, we have convened several meetings with infrastructure professionals, to agree on innovative ways of accelerate the delivery of quality school infrastructure. There is a measure of success in some areas, though not at the pace we would like. The higher education and training sector is faced with student accommodation challenges. We must, with the involvement of National Treasury, the Department of Public Works, and other relevant stakeholders, find creative ways of accelerating infrastructure delivery. There are alternative technologies and strategies available, that we could consider, including investigating the education infrastructure model, rolled-out in Rwanda by His Excellency, President Paul Kagame, and the “Adopt-a-School” programme for school infrastructure rehabilitation.
We must mobilise our communities to be active participants in the Thuma Mina campaign. This campaign looks at the direct involvement of communities in school infrastructure delivery and maintenance; and ensures community involvement in the roll-out of critical programmes, such as the “Read to Lead” Campaign, the Second Chance Programme, the Incremental Introduction of African Languages. Communities should ensure that time on task is a reality in all our schools.
Madam Speaker, and Madam Chairperson, I wish to respond to comments made by leaders of the DA, all of which we know and have acknowledged. What the Honourable Members did not say was that the same 2016 PIRLS Report observed that –
- although, we are still at a low base, with each cycle since 2006, the reading scores have improved;
- the Grade 4s in 2016, achieved a similar score to what the Grade 5s achieved in 2006;
- at a Grade 5 level, the 10 year trends show that there has been an improvement in IsiZulu between 2006 and 2016;
- there has been a statistically significant improvement among Grade 4s in five African languages; namely, IsiNdebele, Sepedi, Sesotho, Tshivenda, and Xitsonga, and in 2016 a significantly larger number of learners who wrote the test in Sesotho scored above the minimum benchmark than observed in 2011;
- the scores of girl learners have been better than those of boy learners with each test cycle, and the gap is widening; and
- the performance of second language learners at English LOLT schools, is improving. I want to advise the Democratic Alliance not to be selective in telling the truth – tell it all. When you criticise, which is your right of course, make it your business to know the whole truth, as it will set you free.
The DA leader, Honourable Maimane selectively referenced the “Posts for Sale” Report, produced by a Ministerial Task Team I had appointed, which was led by a respectable educationist and leader, Professor Volmink. Nowhere is the Report is it indicated that a specific union was found to have a policy and/or practice that endorses the selling of posts. The investigation found that, where allegations were made, which involved union members in the posts for sale debacle, those individuals belonged to all the unions admitted to Education Labour Relations Council. We therefore, cannot keep quiet and allow the DA to castigate SADTU for misdemeanors they did not singularly commit. Honourable Maimane, please get your fact straight.
In conclusion, Madam Speaker, Madam Chairperson, His Excellency the President, and Honourable Members, on behalf my Cabinet colleagues, the Honourable Minister of Science and Technology, Comrade Naledi Pandor, the Honourable Minister of Higher Education and Training, Comrade Hlengiwe Mkhize, and the Ruling Party – African National Congress, we support the State of the Nation Address, as delivered by His Excellency, President Cyril Ramaphosa on Friday, 16 February 2018.
I thank you