This research report is the culmination of the e-readiness/e-maturity research project that was commissioned by the Gauteng Department of Education (GDE) in order to inform its future strategies and plans for implementing information and communication technology (ICT) in Gauteng schools. Over the past few years, the GDE has embarked on a significant drive to implement ICT in all of its schools. This was informed by international trends, National Policy, and the Gauteng Department’s e-learning framework, which called for introduction of ICT into all aspects of schooling. However, as tends to be the case with large-scale initiatives, there has been a gap between planned/intended and actual outcomes. Therefore, in line with good implementation practice, the GDE commissioned an audit to assess the status of ICT use in its schools as part of a process of reviewing its strategies and plans. This report provides the findings of the research study of ICT deployment and use in Gauteng schools and offers some recommendations for consideration by the Department.